||Richard studied economic history and the philosophy of science at the London School of Economics before training in epidemiology. From the 1970s onwards, his research focused on of social class differences in death rates. He has played a formative role in international research on the social determinants of health and on the societal effects of income inequality. Richard is Professor Emeritus of Social Epidemiology at the University of Nottingham Medical School, Honorary Professor at University College London and Visiting Honorary Professor at the University of York. He is co-author, with Kate Pickett, of The Spirit Level, chosen as one of the Top Ten Books of the Decade by the New Statesman, winner of Publication of the Year by the Political Studies Association and translated into 25 languages, and the recently published, The Inner Level. He is a co-founder and trustee of The Equality Trust. Richard and Kate have been awarded Solidar’s Silver Rose Award and The Irish Cancer Society’s Charles Cully Memorial medal. Richard also received Community Access Unlimited’s ‘Humanitarian of the Year’ Award in 2013 and was the 2017 medalist of The Australian Society for Medical Research.